How to Cite an Article
In scholarly and professional publication, the medium and type of publication denotes the way you cite it in your reference list. If you are writing a research-based article in the humanities, you will most likely use Modern Language Association (MLA) style. Chicago Style is used for professionally published works and American Psychological Association (APA) uses their own style for periodicals and scholarly works. Find out the best ways to cite an article.
Citing Articles MLA Style
Start your entry with the author's name.Begin with the last name, followed by a comma and the first name. End this part of the entry with a period (full stop.)
- List 2 authors with an "and" between the 2 names. Use 1 author and the phrase "et al." with more than 2 authors.
Write the title of the article next.Place the title in quotation marks with all the words capitalized, with the exception of articles. Place a period before the ending quotation marks.
Add the title of the periodical in italics.Capitalize the name of the publication as shown on the cover.
Type the day, abbreviated month and year of publication.The year should be in 4-number format. Place a colon after the date.
- For example, 1 Apr. 2013.
Include the page numbers after the colon.If there is a series of page numbers, indicate the beginning and ending page with a dash in between.
Finish the entry with the medium.In most cases, this is "Print;" however, a web article for a print publication may say "Web." End the entry with a period.
Citing Articles Chicago Style
Begin the bibliography entry with the name of the author.In Chicago Style, you will write the full name of the author with first name, middle initial (if indicated) and last name. Place a comma after the name.
Add the title of the article in quotation marks.Capitalize the words as indicated at the beginning of the article. Add a comma before the end quotation mark.
Write the name of the publication in italics.Add the year of publication in parenthesis right after the publication name. Place a colon after the last parenthesis.
- If you are using an article in a newspaper or magazine, put a comma after the name of the publication. Then write the month, day and year of publication. Follow the date with a comma. You should also put the month, day and year of a web article that was originally published in print.
Add a colon after the date of the publication.Then, write the page numbers. Use a dash to indicate a series of pages.
- In some cases, such as with web sources, there are no page numbers associated with the article. In this case, you will add the access date after date and comma or colon.
End your entry in 1 of 2 ways.
- If you are using a print publication, place a period after the page numbers.
- If you are using an online journal or web article, write "Accessed" and the month, day and year that you accessed the information. Include a period, and then write "doi," a colon and the doi number. End the entry with a period.
- For example, write "Accessed April 2, 2013. doi: 13.1086/599247." If you cannot find a Digital Object Identifier, or doi, write the URL.
Citing Articles APA Style
Write the name of the author first.Use the format last name, comma, first initial and middle initial. End the author entry with a period and use a period after each initial.
Add the date of publication.Place a period at the end.
- If you are citing a newspaper or magazine article, you will format the date as month, day and year. If you are citing a journal or some web sources, you may only use the year, in parenthesis.
Add the title of the article.Capitalize the main words, but do not place it in italics or quotation marks. Place a period after the title.
Write the name of the publication in italics.Add a comma and the page numbers. End the entry with a period.
- If you are using a journal or other source with an edition, put a comma after the publication name and write the edition or volume number. Then, place a comma after and include the pages. Follow this entry with a period.
Include your website or doi, if it is an online article.A doi is always preferred, if you can get it. Write "doi," then a colon before the doi number.
- If you cannot get the doi, use the URL. Write "Retrieved from:" and the web address. No period is required after a doi or URL.
To cite an article, start your MLA-style bibliography entry by listing the names of the authors, beginning with the last name. Then, write the title of the article inside quotation marks, with a period after the title and before the closing quotation mark. Next, in italics, add the title of the publication in which the article was published, followed by the date the article was published and the page numbers on which you found the information. Finish with the medium, usually either “print” or “web.”
Sources and Citations
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Video: MLA Style Works Cited List: Citing Journal Articles
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